Spring 2010

Policy and Practice in Child Welfare - 702.15
(Spring, 2010)

Session 1: Introduction


Multiple Transitions: A Young Child's Point of View about Foster Care and Adoption  Multiple Transition Video Text
Watch this great video

Watch this Great Two Part Series "WE INTERRUPT"
Listen to what Minnesota Youth in Foster Care have to say about Permanency in their lives.  This fabulous production was made possible by Minnesota Department of Human Services (DHS)


Session 2 Child Welfare History
Learn More About the Orphan Train Experience in American Child Welfare History 

PA: Eileen Keller recently spoke about her family's history with the orphan trains
Pittsburg Morning Sun January 25, 2010
Between 1854 to 1929, orphan trains from New York transported over 300,000 destitute children from the city streets or orphan asylums to new homes in the Midwest. Many of them came to Kansas, including four who lived with J.K. and Sarah Hiebert, Hillsboro, grandparents of Eileen Keller, Pittsburg. She discussed the orphan trains and shared family stories recently for a meeting of the Red Hot Toppers, a local chapter of the Red Hat Society.

Session 3 Child Welfare Legislation

Session 4 Disproportionality in the Child Welfare System
Children of Color in the Child Welfare System: Perspectives from the Child Welfare Community
This report from the Children's Bureau suggests that children of color, especially African American children, are overrepresented in the child welfare system for a variety of reasons, including poverty and racial bias. It is one of the first studies to explore the attitudes and perceptions of the child welfare community regarding racial disproportionality. It emphasizes the need for stronger administrative support, increased staff training in both general child welfare issues and cultural competency, and more internal and external resources to better serve families.
Breakthrough Series Collaborative: Reducing Racial Disproportionality And Disparate Outcomes For Children And Families Of Color In The Child Welfare System
This report from Casey Family Programs has been developed to describe the Breakthrough Series Collaborative methodology and the experience of those jurisdictions that participated in the Disproportionality BSC. Included in this report is a detailed description of those strategies that participants developed during this process. While many ideas were tested by participants during this process, the strategies described in this report are those that were reported by the jurisdictions as having the greatest potential to show progress over time. (2009)
Race Matters Consortium
This diverse group of child welfare experts represents research, policy, administration, practice, and advocacy. They first joined together in 1999 to systematically examine disproportional representation of individuals of different races and ethnic groups in the child welfare system. Today the Consortium has expanded its mission to not only examine the disproportional representation, but to get a better understanding of those practices that will address the needs of children of color more appropriately, and to collaborate with others who understand the need for attention to the issues in an effort to influence change in child welfare practice and policy.

Racial Disproportionality in Child Welfare By Teija Sudol (July 2009)  An NRCPFC Information Pack

Please read this publication, but especially read Addressing Racial Disproportionality in the Child Welfare System
(An Interview with Joyce James, Assistant Commissioner, Texas CPS)

Please listen to these two teleconferences:

Session 5 Domestic Violence and Substance Abuse
Please participate in these on-line courses:
The Intersection of Domestic Violence and Child Victimization: Understanding the Issues, Developing a Coordinated Community Response: An Online Tutorial for Domestic Violence Advocates and Their Communities
This online tutorial from the Institute for Family Violence Studies is designed to train domestic violence advocates and community educators. It contains a basic curriculum on the intersection of domestic violence and child maltreatment, and the effects of domestic violence on children. There is a focus on rural communities.
Online Tutorials by the National Center on Substance Abuse and Child Welfare
The National Center on Substance Abuse and Child Welfare will offer four free online self-tutorials. The curricula in these self-tutorials will be geared toward four different target audiences and will work to establish a baseline for knowledge on the subjects of substance abuse and child welfare, and to support and facilitate cross-systems work.
Understanding Substance Use Disorders, Treatment and Family Recovery: A Guide for Child Welfare Professionals

Session 6 Well being Issues

Session 7 - Well Being Issues: Health, Mental Health Care and Educational  Issues
Health Care Issues
Meeting the Health Care Needs of Children in Foster Care
This presentation focuses on some of the key components in developing strategies to address improving performance in meeting the health care needs of children in foster care. Presented 10/24/2005 at the Annual National Association of State Foster Care Managers meeting by Jan McCarthy, Director of Child Welfare Policy, National TA Center for Children's Mental Health at Georgetown University.

The Foster Care Independence Act of 1999: Enhancing Youth Access to Health Care
This article from the July-August 2000 Journal of Poverty Law and Policy discusses the option for states to extend Medicaid eligibility for young people who are under 21 and who on their 18th birthdays were in foster care under the custody of the state. In addition to implementing this option, states can take many steps through their child welfare agencies and Medicaid agencies to ensure that young people leaving foster care enroll in Medicaid and receive the services to which they are entitled.

Working Together: Health Services for Children in Foster Care
The New York State Office of Children and Family Services developed this manual with the assistance and advice of voluntary agencies and county departments of social services. The primary audiences are foster care caseworkers, supervisors, and persons responsible for the coordination of health services. It is not specifically designed for distribution to foster parents, child care workers, or health care practitioners. The policies, protocols, and legal footnotes are specific to New York State's locally administered, state supervised foster care system. However, it contains some more general information and serves as an excellent model

Mental Health Care
Mental Health Needs of Foster Children and Children At-Risk for Removal
This article from the Virginia Child Protection Newsletter focuses on the mental health needs of children entering foster care and children at risk of entering care. The article explores the range of mental health needs and ways to address those needs using evidence-based practices. The article discusses ways to work with children as well as methods for parent and foster parent training. (2009)

Parental Mental Health and the Child Welfare System
Research indicates that children with parents/caregivers with significant mental health needs are at greater risk of involvement in the child welfare system. These resources describe promising practices for screening and treatment, tools and training, fact sheets, Web sites, and research to better understand how mental health and child welfare systems can work together to support parents and caregivers with mental health needs.

Listen to:
Emotional Well-Being of Children & Youth in Foster Care
On September 20, 2005, the NRCPFC and CWLA hosted the first of a series of teleconferences for state foster care and adoption managers on mental health issues. Listen to the audio files and download the handouts.

Strategies for Meeting the Mental Health Needs of Youth in Care
The second teleconference in the NRCPFC/CWLA series was held November 29, 2005. Listen to the audio files and download the handouts.

Promising Practices for Addressing the Mental Health Issues Impacting Parents of Children in Foster Care The third teleconference in the NRCPFC/CWLA series was held January 31, 2006. Listen to the audio files and download the handouts.

Educational Issues
Q&A: Blueprint for Change: Education Success for Children in Foster Care
This resource from the Legal Center for Foster Care and Education is a “Question & Answer Factsheet” about the Blueprint for Change (a detailed framework that includes goals and benchmarks for children and youth that will help ensure their education success). It answers questions about the development of the Blueprint, its target audience, and how it should be used.
Helping Former Foster Youth Graduate from College: Campus Support Programs in California and Washington State
Campus support programs provide financial, academic, and other types of supports to help former foster youth succeed in college. However, relatively little is known about the impact of these programs on college retention or graduation rates. This Chapin Hall study by Amy Dworsky and Alfred Perez lays the groundwork for an impact evaluation by examining program implementation from two different perspectives. Researchers conducted telephone interviews with the directors of 10 campus support programs in California and Washington State. The interviews covered a variety of domains, including the population served, referral sources and recruitment, the application process, the provision of services and supports, program staff, relationships with stakeholders, and data collection. In addition, participants from 8 of the 10 programs completed a web-based survey that asked about their perceptions of and experiences with the program. The survey included questions about students’ demographic characteristics, referral and recruitment, the application process, reasons for participating in the program, services and supports received, unmet needs, contact with staff, and recommendations for improvement. The report concludes with several recommendations for moving forward with a methodologically sound impact evaluation of campus support programs for former foster youth. (2009)
Listen to:
Educational Stability for Children and Youth in Out-of-Home Care
On March 31, 2006, the NRCPFC and CWLA hosted a teleconferences for state foster care and adoption managers on educational issues. Listen to the audio files and download the handouts.

Session 8 Safety Issues

Session 9 Sexual Abuse Issues
Archived Videos

Please read this resource:
Child Sexual Abuse
Please Participate in this On-Line Training:
This manual is intended to address the needs of professionals who encounter child sexual abuse in the course of their work. It describes professional practices in sexual abuse and discusses “how to” address the problems of sexually abused children and their families. It is not designed for laypersons, and it makes an assumption that the reader has basic information about sexual abuse.

Professionals from a range of disciplines and with varying levels and types of training confront child sexual abuse in their work. This manual is designed to be useful to all of them. It should meet the needs of child protection workers, the front line staff mandated to investigate reports of child maltreatment. It should be valuable to mental health personnel: social workers, psychologists, and psychiatrists,
who have responsibilities for reporting, diagnosing, and treating child sexual abuse.
The manual cannot substitute for the discipline-specific training of the professions. Moreover, the manual does not cover all aspects of child sexual abuse in depth. Issues regarding substantiation and case management are explored in greater depth than treatment techniques and research.

Session 10 Permanency Issues - Reunification

Session 11 Permanency Issues - Adoption

Session 12 Permanency: Guardianship, Kinship and APPLA
Please review these web-based resources:
Please listen to this teleconference on Guardianship Issues:Permanency through Guardianship: Formulas for Successful Programs On January 25, 2005 the NRCPFC and CWLA hosted a teleconference for state foster care and adoption managers.

These PowerPoint presentations wer e provided to participants:

Kinship Care:


Read this array of information on APPLA on the child welfare.gov website

Kinship Adoption: Meeting the Unique Needs of a Growing Population.
ChildFocus. North American Council on Adoptable Children.
This issue brief draws attention to the unique needs of children who are adopted by their relatives. Specifically, it addresses the following questions: Why is kinship adoption on the rise? How does kinship adoption differ from other adoptions? What policies and practices can agencies consider to achieve successful kinship adoptions? (Author abstract)

Session 13 Permanency for Youth

New Resources