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Spring 2014

Practice Issues in Child Welfare – 796.53
Tuesday - 2:00 -3:50PM - Room: SB 215

Session 1 - -January 27, 2014
- Introduction and Orientation to the Course
Resources and Readings:

Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) FY 2012 data
Data as of July, 2013

Safety, Permanency and well Being from the Children's Bureau

Issue #113 (Summer 2013)
 issue cover

New From Rise


story art


Illustration by Patricia Battles


August 2013 Story of the Month:
Compassion in the Court!
Model courts find that supporting parents can strengthen the whole family.
Child welfare cases are heard in courts because parents and children have legal rights, and the role of lawyers and judges is to protect those rights. But in a typical court case, when one side wins, the other side loses. In child welfare, that’s not the case. When parents lose, children lose. Children and parents both do best when children can safely return home.>>>(more)


story art


Illustration by Karolina Zaniesienko


‘I Used to Be in Your Shoes’
As a parent advocate, I help lawyers and parents connect.
I am a parent advocate at the Center for Family Representation (CFR) in New York City. CFR provides parents in child welfare proceedings a lawyer, social worker, family advocate, and parent advocate to support them.>>>(more)


story art


Illustration by Thaynia Waldron


‘We’re Here for You’
Support and straight talk helped me trust my lawyer and her team.
On my first day in family court after my son was placed in foster care, I walked up to my court-appointed attorney, introduced myself and asked, “How can you help me?” He just stared me up and down. In court, he said nothing on my behalf. I was furious.>>>(more)


story art


Rise Issue #24 Summer 2013
Your Lawyer and You
When you enter the courtroom with a child welfare case, you can feel like it’s you against the world in the most important fight of your life.
In this issue, parents describe the impact of lawyers who believed in them and the heartbreak of lawyers who didn’t fight hard enough. We also highlight the innovations that are making it easier for lawyers to act as zealous advocates and for parents to make their voices heard in court.


Five Ways Poverty Harms Children.
Child Trends. 2014

Sessions 2, 3, 4, 5, & 6 --- February 4, 11, 18, 25, March 4
- Meaning Family Engagement

Where do our Families Come From/ How did they get to be there?

How to Engage Families who experience Triple Threat: Substance Abuse; Domestic Violence; and Mental Health Issues under a dense umbrella of Poverty

Culturally Responsive Practice with Children, Youth, and Families

Required Readings:

Reading from Child Welfare Gateway


Readings from NRCPFC


Rise Magazine

NRCPFC Family Engagement Toolkit

The Importance of Family Engagement in Child Welfare

NRCPFC Digital Stories
Angela, Sherry, Carmen and Bernadette

Guidebook for Juvenile Justice and Child Welfare System Coordination and Integration: A Framework for Improved Outcomes. 3rd Edition.
Wiig, Janet K. Tuell, John A. Heldman, Jessica K.
Robert F. Kennedy Children's Action Corps. 2013

Voices from the Field: Stakeholder Perspectives on Family Finding.
Jordan, Elizabeth. Williams, Sarah Catherine.
Child Trends. 2014

Alma's Family Part I & II and Alma's Family Part III

Chapter 5 Nothing About Us Without Us, Bossard et al

Briar-Lawson, K., McCarthy, M, & N. Dickinson (Eds.). (2013).  The Children's Bureau: Shaping a Century of Child Welfare Practices, Programs, and Policies.  Washington, DC: NASW Press.

Represent - Story and Lesson of the Month

Motivational Interviewing Course

Family Group Conferencing An Overview


Assessment & Case Planning in Child Welfare

Implementation Science and Setting SMART Goals- PowerPoint

Case Planning -- https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/

SMART Goals  -- http://www.extension.org/pages/11229/what-are-smart-goals#.UkDj1bx8J6M

Engaging Youth in Permanency Planning

Engaging Youth Voice


Evidence Based Practices

Studying the Use of Research Evidence in Policy and Practice: Supplementary Guidance for Applicants: Supporting Research to Improve the Lives of Young People.
William T. Grant Foundation. 2014

Evidence Based and Promising Practices with Latino Children and Families.
Center for Social Services Research. Latino Practice Advisory Committee. 2014

(1) Ten Things that Youth Want Child Welfare Professionals to Know: Engaging Youth in Foster Care and (2) Ten Things that Youth Want Child Welfare Professionals to Know: Talking to Youth in Foster Care about Permanency
Project LIFE, a partnership of United Methodist Family Services with and funded by Virginia Department of Social Services, held a state-wide conference on permanency in October 2013. During the conference, adopted youth and youth in foster care shared their experiences and developed their ideas into tips for child welfare workers. These resources from the National Resource Center for Permanency and Family Connections highlight their recommendations for workers (1) when engaging youth in foster care and (2) for talking to youth in foster care about permanency. (November 2013)

Engaging Families Embracing Change

MFE Reflective Practice-Thinking Forward

Sessions 7, 8 & 9 - March  11, 18, & 25
-Trauma Informed Child Welfare Practice
The National Child Traumatic Stress Network is dedicated to providing state-of-the-art training to enhance the quality of clinical assessment, treatment, and services for traumatized children, adolescents, their families, and communities. To that end, the Network offers a variety of in-person and online (live and on-demand) training opportunities 

The National Center is a collaboration between the Fordham University Graduate School of Social Service and the Silberman School of Social Work at Hunter College. As a member of the National Child  Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN), the National Center works with NCTSN committees, developers of evidence-based trauma treatment methods, schools of social work, and community providers.


Child Welfare Trauma Training Toolkit
The Child Welfare Trauma Training Toolki2nd Edition is designed to teach basic knowledge, skills, and values about working with children who are in the child welfare system and who have experienced traumatic events. The toolkit teaches strategies for using trauma-informed child welfare practice to enhance the safety, permanency, and well-being of children and families who are involved in the child welfare system. The toolkit can be accessed at the NCTSN Learning Center for Child and Adolescent Trauma.

The content of the toolkit was developed by the Child Welfare Committee of the National Child Traumatic Stress Network. The original version of the Toolkit was released in 2008. Training and implementation of the Toolkit has been provided to child welfare agencies and jurisdictions across the country. Revisions to the Toolkit began in 2011, and this second edition is the final result of those revisions. Changes to the Toolkit incorporate updated research and enhanced content on types of trauma, cultural implications, and long-term effects of childhood trauma, parent trauma, and secondary traumatic stress. The revised version also embodies the Essential Elements of a Child Welfare System.

Readings and Resources from NRCPFC

Resources from the T/TA Network, Children’s Bureau, & DHHS


  • Women and Trauma -- Trauma Informed Approaches: Federal Activities and Initiatives
    The Federal Partners Committee on Women and Trauma has released this report, developed with support from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's (SAMHSA's) National Center for Trauma-Informed Care.  The report documents the scope and impact of violence and abuse on women and girls and highlights gender-responsive, trauma-informed approaches that more than three dozen federal agencies, departments, and offices have implemented.  It encourages other governmental and nongovernmental agencies to adopt a cross-sector, interagency, intersystem recognition of and response to trauma.  (September 2013)

  • Letter: Helping Victims of Childhood Trauma Heal and Recover
    Three HHS agencies – Administration for Children and Families (ACF), Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), and Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) – have come together to issue a letter to state directors of child welfare, Medicaid, and mental health authorities encouraging them to strengthen their efforts to address complex trauma among children and youth known to child welfare. This letter provides useful and actionable information about federal authority and funding streams, strategies for coordinating cross-system efforts, and good practices for integrating evidence-based screening, assessment, and interventions related to complex trauma. (July 2013)
  • Child Exposure to Trauma: Comparative Effectiveness of Interventions Addressing Maltreatment
    Child maltreatment is a global public health problem. The prevalence of child maltreatment translates into a significant economic burden to society, cutting across many different service sectors including child welfare, health and mental care, special education, and criminal justice. This comparative effectiveness review (CER), focuses on parenting interventions, trauma focused treatments, and enhanced foster care approaches that address child exposure to maltreatment. It is the first in a two-part series focusing on clinical (psychosocial and/or pharmacological) interventions for children exposed to traumatic experiences. This review was carried out under the auspices of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality’s (AHRQ) Effective Health Care Program. The goal of this resource is two-fold: (1) to provide stakeholders with a synthesis of the best evidence in the field of child maltreatment and (2) to identify critical areas to address in future intervention research. (April 2013)
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Children in Foster Care
    This NRCPFC information packet was authored by Jessica Hieger and edited by Lyn Ariyakulkan, MSW and Tracy Serdjenian, MSW.  The publication provides an overview of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children in foster care, presents relevant facts and statistics, and discusses policies and legislation pertaining to oversight and coordination of health care services for children in foster care.  A list of programs implementing trauma-informed services, as well as additional resources and websites are provided. (December 2012)
  • Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Children Affected by Sexual Abuse or Trauma
    Published by the Child Welfare Information Gateway, a service of the Children’s Bureau, this issue highlights Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT), an evidence-based treatment approach to helping children affected by sexual abuse or other traumatic events.  TF-CBT aims to reduce both negative emotional and behavioral responses following child traumatic, while also helping caregivers to effectively cope with their own emotional distress and develop skills that support their children.  The issue brief, written primarily for caseworkers and other professionals working with at-risk families, discusses the features, key components, target population, and effectiveness of TF-CBT.  It provides suggestions for workers and professionals referring children and caregivers to TF-CBT therapists, as well as considerations for child welfare agency administrators, and concludes with an array of additional resources. (August 2012)

  • Children’s Bureau Express Online Digest: Spotlight on Trauma-Informed Care
    This issue of Children’s Bureau Express focuses on trauma-informed child welfare practice.  It includes information on the Integrating Trauma-Informed and Trauma-Focused Practice in Child Protective Service (CPS) Delivery grant cluster; spotlights publications on the effects of trauma on adolescent brain development, creating trauma-informed child welfare systems, trauma across the spectrum of experience, advancing practices on trauma intervention, and trauma and refugee families; and highlights resources and services of The National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) and SAMHSA’s National Center for Trauma-Informed Care. (February 2012)

Teleconferences, Webinars, and Webcasts

  • Children Whose Parents Have Experienced Childhood Trauma – Challenges, Obligations, and Reasonable Efforts for Reunification
    In this forum recording from the Chapin Hall Child and Family Policy Forum, presenters discussed findings from a Chapin Hall report in which researchers identified a subset of parents involved with the child welfare system who have extensive childhood trauma experiences and face multiple challenges or service needs. These findings have implications for caseworker engagement and service interventions, and they also raise fundamental questions about our obligation and approaches to working with parents, protecting children, and promoting well-being. This forum also discussed changes to policies and practices in the child welfare, legal, and human services fields that may be necessary in order to improve the well-being of this group of children and their families. (May 2013)

  • Trauma-Informed Practice with Children and Youth in the Child Welfare System
    In this NRCPFC webcast, presenters discussed a growing area of focus in child welfare – trauma-informed practice and intervention. During this webcast, Dr. Glenn Saxe and Erika Tullberg from the NYU Child Study Center provided information about how trauma impacts children, families, and staff involved in the child welfare system, and offered concrete ways that foster parents, staff, agency leaders, and other stakeholders can help mitigate trauma’s impact on children, families, and the child welfare system overall. During this presentation, Dr. Saxe provided an overview of Trauma Systems Therapy, an evidence-informed, comprehensive, multi-pronged approach used by a growing number of child welfare providers that goes beyond a doctor and a child/youth in an office and takes into account a child/youth’s support system and home environment in addressing his or her trauma-related symptoms. The presenters shared information about resources that can support trauma-informed practice and intervention. (February 2013)
  • NRCOI Webinar Series: Trauma Informed Child Welfare 
    The National Child Welfare Resource Center for Organizational Improvement (NRCOI), a service of the Children’s Bureau and member of the Training and Technical Assistance (T/TA) Network, hosted a two-part webinar series on trauma-informed child welfare that took place during November 2012 and January 2013: 

    • Building Systems to Support Trauma-Informed Practice 
      The first part of this webinar series introduces trauma-informed child welfare systems with the emphasis on how their pieces fit together to positively impact outcomes.  It explores steps that can be taken to build systems to support trauma-informed practice and provides lessons learned by sites engaged in the process of building these systems. (November 15, 2012) 

    • Expanding Trauma-Informed Services in Child Welfare Systems
      This second part of the webinar series was cosponsored by the National Resource Center for Legal and Judicial Issues (NRCLJI), a service of the Children’s Bureau and member of the Training and Technical Assistance (T/TA) Network.  The event presented resources and strategies for child welfare agencies, providers, and courts to utilize in developing trauma-informed services across child serving systems.  It also highlighted resources available from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN), and discussed steps taken by leaders from the local child welfare, mental health, and court systems to expand trauma-informed services in their systems and collaboratively.  (January 10, 2013). 
  • NRCPFC Webinar: Trauma-Informed Child Welfare
    This NRCPFC teleconference/webinar featured Erika Tullberg, Administrative Director, ACS-NYU Children’s Trauma Institute, who addressed the issue of trauma as it relates to the child welfare system.  The presentation provided a definition of a trauma-informed child welfare system; discussed the impact of traumatic stress on children, parents, staff, and the system; provided information about resources available through the National Child Traumatic Stress Network, and shared ways in which trauma-informed practice is currently being implemented. (November 16, 2011)
  • NRCPFC Teleconference- Secondary Trauma: Building Resilience Among Child Welfare Staff
    In this NRCPFC teleconference/webinar, Erika Tullberg (Executive Director Clinical Systems and Support, New York City Administration for Children’s Services), Fernando Lorence (Child Protective Manager, New York City Administration for Children’s Services), and Phoebe Nesmith (Supervisor 11, Child Protective Division, New York City Administration for Children’s Services) addressed the issue of secondary trauma in child welfare staff and the necessity to build resiliency.  The presentation reviewed data on secondary traumatic stress of child welfare staff and reviewed interventions designed to increase staff resiliency and reduce burnout. (May 12, 2010)

Research and Reports

  • IMPACT Special Edition – Culture and Trauma
    This special edition issue of IMPACT, the quarterly newsletter of the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN), is devoted entirely to the relationship between culture and trauma.  It describes the incredible work being done across the Network by members with informed perspectives on the cultural dimensions of trauma at multiple levels: the individual, including both the client and practitioner; the organization or system; and the broader community.  While the issue highlights a wide spectrum of stories and topics, the common thread is appreciation of the intersection of culture and trauma and NCTSN’s commitment to embracing it. (Spring 2012)
  • The Children’s Mental Health eReview: Child Welfare Series 
    This online publication series from the Children, Youth & Family Consortium’s Children’s Mental Health Program reviews current research in areas related to children’s mental health and presents ideas regarding application and implications of the research in practice and policy.  The following issues are part of a series focusing specifically on trauma and child welfare systems:
  • Helping Children and Youth Who Have Experienced Traumatic Events 
    In this Short Report from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), two of SAMHSA’s initiatives are highlighted– The Comprehensive Community Mental Health Services for Children and Their Families Program (Children’s Mental Health Initiative, or CMHI) and The Donald J. Cohen National Child Traumatic Stress Initiative (NCTSI).  The prevalence of exposure to traumatic events among participants in these two initiatives is discussed, as well as effects of trauma and available treatments for recovery. (May 2011)
  • Helping Children Cope with Violence and Trauma: A School-Based Program That Works
    Published by The RAND Corporation, this research brief discusses the development, implementation, and evaluation of the Cognitive-Behavioral Intervention for Trauma in Schools (CBITS), an approach designed to help children traumatized by violence.  CBITS was developed at RAND in close collaboration with mental health clinicians at the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD).  The intervention consisted of ten group sessions designed for inner-city schools with a multicultural population, and was successfully implemented and delivered by school-based mental health clinicians.  CBITS was found to significantly reduce symptoms of post-traumatic stress and depression in students exposed to violence. (2011)
  • Illinois Childhood Trauma Coalition White Paper: Child Trauma as a Lens for the Public Sector
    The Illinois Childhood Trauma Coalition produced this report which discusses the impact of child trauma on child and adolescent brain development including: short-term and long-term effects of trauma, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), disruption in brain development, three styles of developmental responses employed by traumatized youth, and prevalence rates and cost estimates of child trauma.  Additionally, the report explains clinical responses to trauma.  Systemic responses from both national and Illinois-based organizations are discussed, as well as systemic issues and suggestions for future steps. (December 2010)
  • Helping Children in the Child Welfare System Heal from Trauma: A Systems Integration Approach 
    This report from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network’s System Integration Working Group presents the results of a survey conducted among 53 agencies in 11 communities.  The goal of this survey was to determine how various service systems communicate with each other about trauma and how the traumatized child is positively or negatively affected through interaction with these systems.  The survey is a first step of a larger project, whose ultimate goal is to identify gaps in communication among agencies and systems, as well as to develop training and educational materials to improve collaboration on issues associated with child maltreatment and trauma. (2005)


  • Rise Magazine, Issue #25: The Impact of Trauma on Parenting
    This issue of Rise Magazine features stories written by parents about how trauma has impacted them and offers insight into child welfare policies and practices that either cause more pain or support them and their families in healing. The stories in Rise Magazine are written by and for parents affected by the child welfare system, with the mission of helping parents advocate for themselves and their children. (Fall 2013)

  • Getting to Know the Unthought Known: Trauma, Patterns, and Very Young Children in Foster Care
    The traumatic experiences of very young children in foster care are discussed, and the neurological patterns that developed as a result of this trauma are explained in this article by Diane Kukulis, published in The Infant Crier (p. 9-12). The need for practitioners to explore these patterns to "be with" the young children and their families is emphasized and practitioners are urged to help caregivers and children to hold feelings that arise and to co-regulate with them. (Winter 2012)

  • Supporting Infants, Toddlers and Families Impacted by Caregiver Mental Health Problems, Substance Abuse, and Trauma – A Community Action Guide
    Using a case study approach, this guide published by SAMHSA (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration) presents resources that service providers, advocates, and practitioners can use to better understand and engage the community in responding to children whose caregivers are negatively impacted by mental illness, substance abuse, or trauma. (October 2012)

  • Trauma-Informed Care Emerging as Proven Treatment for Children, Adults with Behavioral, Mental Health Problems
    Children who are physically or sexually abused, or who go through other trauma-inducing experiences, can develop mental health disorders and related problems. Indeed, trauma can fundamentally affect how a young person grows and develops. Trauma-informed care is a treatment approach that explicitly acknowledges the role trauma plays in people’s lives. That approach is increasingly being developed and refined as a method of treatment by professionals working in medicine, mental health, education, foster care, juvenile justice, and other areas. 
    This brief article from Youth Law News, by Ta Lynn Mitchell, discusses: Exposure to Trauma; Trauma’s Effects; Trauma-Informed Care; Helping Native Youth; and Trauma-Informed Care in California, and Beyond. (2012)

  • Victimization and Trauma Experienced by Children and Youth: Implications for Legal Advocates
    This issue brief translates emerging research and program practice into action steps for dependency and de­linquency judges, attorneys, and legal advocates. The goal is to build their capacity to meet the needs of children and youth who are victimized and exposed to violence or other traumatic events. In this resource, developed in partnership with the Safe Start Center, ABA Center on Children and the Law, and Child and Family Policy Associates, you will find: information about the prevalence and impact of victimization and exposure to violence; practice tips for juvenile defenders, children's attorneys and GALs, judges, and CASAs; explanations of traumatic stress symptoms and trauma-related assessments and treatments; descriptions of promising local and state initiatives to address trauma; and, guidance on policy reforms and other considerations for trauma-informed advocacy. (2012)

  • Evidence-Based Treatments for Childhood Trauma
    This volume of the Virginia Child Protection Newsletter (VCPN), a publication by James Madison University that is sponsored by the Virginia Department of Social Services, focuses on childhood trauma and some available evidence-based treatments for children who have experienced trauma.  Evidence-based treatments discussed in this publication include: Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT), Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT), The Child and Family Traumatic Stress Intervention (CFTSI), Child Parent Psychotherapy (CPP), Continued Parent-Child Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CPC-CBT), Risk Reduction through Family Therapy (RRFT), and Culturally Modified Trauma-Focused Treatment (CM-TF). (Fall 2012)
  • Creating Trauma-Informed Child Welfare Systems: A Guide for Administrators
    In an effort to improve services for children and families involved in the child welfare system, the Chadwick Trauma-Informed Systems Project (CTISP), as part of the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN), has coordinated a groundbreaking national effort to create a new resource to help professionals understand the impact of trauma on these children and families.  This guide informs the reader about how trauma can affect children and families in all aspects of the child welfare system and gives practical implications for child welfare administrators in each chapter.  Experts in the field of child welfare, child trauma research, clinical practice, and policy worked together with the CTISP staff to create these guidelines. (2012)
  • Birth Parents with Trauma Histories and the Child Welfare System
    This series of four fact sheets from The National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) were put forth by the Birth Parent Subcommittee of the Child Welfare Committee regarding the serious consequences of trauma histories for birth parents, as well as the potential impact it can have on their children and families.
    • A Guide for Birth Parents 
      This guide is specifically for birth parents that may be involved with the child welfare system or have experienced trauma.  The guide defines trauma, discusses how trauma may affect parents and their parenting, provides suggestions for what parents can do if they have experienced trauma, and explains how therapy can help. (2012)
    • A Guide for Child Welfare Staff 
      Developed for child welfare professionals, this guide describes how trauma can affect parents, provides suggestions for using a trauma-informed approach when working with birth parents, and addresses secondary trauma in child welfare professionals. (2011)
    • A Guide for Judges and Attorneys 
      Aimed at judges and attorneys, this guide describes the signs of trauma, how trauma affects parents, secondary or vicarious traumatic stress in those working in family court, and explains how to use a trauma-informed approach working with birth parents. (2011)
    • A Guide for Resource Parents 
      This guide for resource parents discusses the effects of trauma on birth parents, describes how resource parents can work together with birth parents, and provides suggestions for what resource parents can do to protect themselves from secondary traumatic stress. (2011)
  • Safe Start Center: Trauma-Informed Care Tip Sheets
    The Safe Start Initiative is funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice.  The Safe Start Center website offers a variety of tools and resources, including the following trauma-informed care tip sheets:

For Safe Start resources in Spanish, see the Publicaciones en Español section.

  • SAMHSA Coping with Violence and Traumatic Events 
    This resource from the SAMHSA provides information for students, adults, families, school personnel, responders, and health professionals regarding coping with violence and traumatic events.
  • Trauma-Informed Care: Tips for Youth Workers
    The National Clearinghouse on Families & Youth (NCFY) published this guide which emphasizes the importance of unique individual responses to trauma, discusses triggers, and highlights how youth workers can incorporate a trauma-informed approach in working with young people.
  • Understanding Child Traumatic Stress 
    In this brochure from The National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN), child traumatic stress in young children, school-aged children, and adolescents is discussed.  Information on the development of trauma, responses to trauma, recovering from traumatic stress, and on the NCTSN are also provided.

Addressing Trauma in American Indian/Alaskan Native Children

  • Adapting Evidence-Based Treatments for Use with American Indian and Native Alaskan Children and Youth 
    This article from Focal Point, from the Regional Research Institute for Human Services at Portland State University describes the adaptation of several evidence-based treatments (EBTs) for child traumatic stress for use in Native American communities. The EBTs that are discussed attend to the broad cultural, historical, and intergenerational traumas that are part of the life experience of many Native American youth. (Winter 2007)
  • Indian Country Child Trauma Center
    The Indian Country Child Trauma Center (ICCTC), operating out of the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, is a project funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and part of the National Child Traumatic Stress Network.  ICCTC was established to develop American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN)-specific trauma-related treatment protocols, outreach materials, and service delivery guidelines.  Their website provides an array of information and resources specifically designed for AI/AN children and families.

Secondary Traumatic Stress

  • Addressing Secondary Traumatic Stress Among Child Welfare Staff: A Practice Brief
    Developed by the ACS-NYU Children’s Trauma Institute, established by the New York City Administration for Children’s Services (ACS) and the New York University (NYU) Langone Medical Center, this practice brief discusses secondary traumatic stress (STS) among child welfare staff.  It examines how STS is addressed in New York City, as well as throughout the nation, and concludes with recommendations for agencies to approach STS with their staff. (2012)
  • CW360: Secondary Trauma and the Child Welfare Workforce
    The Center for Advanced Studies in Child Welfare has developed this edition of the CW360 on Secondary Trauma and the Child Welfare Workforce, in recognition of a major challenge faced by many child welfare professionals. CW360 takes a look at the topic from various perspectives, with an overview of the topic, implications for practice, and a review of perspectives and collaborations. (2012)
  • The Resilience Alliance: Promoting Resilience and Reducing Secondary Trauma Among Child Welfare Staff
    The Resilience Alliance is a project undertaken by the Administration for Children’s Services-New York University Children’s Trauma Institute (ACS-NYU CTI) to mitigate the impact of secondary traumatic stress among child protective staff in New York City, and thereby increase staff resilience, optimism, self-care, social support and job satisfaction, and decrease stress reactivity, burnout and attrition. While this intervention was conducted with child protective staff, it is relevant to child welfare staff generally. This project is called the Resilience Alliance because its goal is to work together with child welfare staff to build their ability to protect themselves and their co-workers. This is not a one-directional training provided to staff, but rather an intervention that is done in partnership with child welfare staff at all levels, from the front line to the senior leadership of the agency. Download the Training Manual and Participant Handbook. (September 2011)

  • Secondary Traumatic Stress
    The National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) has produced this webpage devoted to secondary traumatic stress (STS) and the work of the STS Committee.  This webpage provides users with an overview of STS, as well as information on identifying STS and strategies for prevention and intervention.  It also includes a section listing additional resources related to STS that can be used by individuals and organizations to create STS-informed responses to indirect trauma exposure.

Resources from the States

  • Connecticut:  
    Trauma-Informed Care
    In light of the tragic shootings at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, the Connecticut Department of Children & Families (DCF) provides this resource with valuable information on trauma-informed care.  It includes an overview of child trauma, information on how trauma affects children and caregivers, the importance of trauma-informed care to DCF, effective treatments for child traumatic stress, essential elements of trauma-informed child welfare systems, guiding principles for trauma-informed child welfare practice, and additional resources and websites. (December 2012)
  • Florida:
    • Florida Department of Children and Families (DCS): Trauma-Informed Care
      This webpage from Florida DCS describes the importance of organizations implementing trauma-informed care, explains the concept of trauma-informed systems, and provides relevant websites and resources.

    • Trauma-Informed Care Overview
      Created by the Gabriel Myers Workgroup, a special initiative of the Florida Department of Children and Families (DCS), this Power Point Presentation provides an overview of trauma, explores the impact on child development and functioning, and presents effective prevention and treatment strategies and practices.  (March 2010)

  • Oklahoma:
    Practice and Policy Lecture Series: Trauma Informed Child Welfare
    Sponsored by the Oklahoma Department of Human Services (DHS) Office of Planning, Research and Statistics and the University of Oklahoma Center for Public Management, this presentation features Lisa Conradi, Psy.D., Clinical Psychologist of the National Child Traumatic Stress Network, Chadwick Center for Children and Families in San Diego.  “Dr. Conradi will provide an overview of the essential elements of a trauma-informed child welfare system.  She will discuss how these essential elements have been applied at CW jurisdictions across the country, focusing specifically on a Breakthrough Series Collaborative (BSC) focused on using trauma-informed child welfare practice to improve foster care placement stability.  She will provide participants with concrete practice changes they can take home to their own jurisdictions” (September 13, 2012)
  • Texas:
    Texas Department of Family and Protective Services (DFPS): Trauma Informed Care Training
    This free online training provided by the Texas DFPS seeks to promote greater understanding by families, caregivers, and other social service providers of trauma informed care and child traumatic stress. (November 2012) 

  • Virginia:
    VCPN: Evidence-based Treatments for Childhood Trauma 
    Volume 95 of the Virginia Child Protection Newsletter (VCPN) focuses on evidence-based treatments for childhood trauma. It provides information about specific evidence-based treatments, the impact of trauma on children, what child welfare workers can do to offer trauma-informed services, and resources. It includes a listing of questions to ask treatment providers, highlights State Practice Improvement Projects in North Carolina and South Carolina, and discusses INVEST for Children: A Community-Based Learning Collaborative in Virginia. (Fall 2012)


  • Trauma-Informed Child Welfare Practice Toolkit
    This toolkit, produced by the Chadwick Trauma-Informed Systems Project (CTISP), is designed to provide guidance, support, and practical suggestions to assist in the creation of a more trauma-informed child welfare system.  It is comprised of the following five documents, which are available to download for free following required registration (2013):

    • Creating Trauma-Informed Child Welfare Systems: A Guide for Administrators, 2nd Edition
    • Desk Guide on Trauma-Informed Mental Health for Child Welfare
    • Desk Guide on Trauma-Informed Child Welfare for Mental Health Professionals
    • Guidelines for Applying a Trauma Lens to a Child Welfare Practice Model
    • Trauma System Readiness Tool

  • A Social Worker’s Tool Kit for Working with Immigrant Families – Healing the Damage: Trauma and Immigrant Families in the Child Welfare System
    Written by the Migration and Child Welfare National Network, this tool kit provides public child welfare and community-based agencies working with immigrant families with guidelines for integrating child welfare practice – from engagement to case closure – with trauma-informed care and trauma-specific services. In addition, the tool kit describes strategies to build an organization’s capacity to better respond to the needs of immigrant families exposed to child maltreatment, domestic and community violence, and other traumatic stressors. It responds to frequently asked questions illustrated by case examples and provides website links and other resources. Download the Executive Summary and tool kit. (2010)
  • The National Child Traumatic Stress Network Toolkits 
    The National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) offers a variety of educational and training resources and products for professionals.  Toolkits and materials offered by NCTSN cover a variety of trauma areas:


  • CTG Web: A web-based learning course for Using TF-CBT With Childhood Traumatic Grief
    A free web-based training course for using Trauma-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) with childhood traumatic grief (CTG).  This course was developed with support from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services by NCTSN member sites: the National Crime Victims Research and Treatment Center of the Medical University of South Carolina, the Center for Traumatic Stress for Children and Adolescents at Allegheny General Hospital, and the Child Abuse Research Education and Service (CARES) Institute at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey. (2008)
  • TF-CBT Web: A web-based learning course for learning Trauma-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
    A free web-based training course for learning Trauma-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT), an evidenced based treatment for traumatic stress.  This course was developed with support from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services by NCTSN member sites: the National Crime Victims Research and Treatment Center of the Medical University of South Carolina, the Center for Traumatic Stress for Children and Adolescents at Allegheny General Hospital, and the Child Abuse Research Education and Service (CARES) Institute at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey's School of Osteopathic Medicine. (2005)
  • Assessment-Based Treatment for Traumatized Children: A Trauma Assessment Pathway (TAP)
    This free web-based training course developed by NCTSN member, The Chadwick Center for Children and Families with support from through the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, is designed for therapists and program administrators who work with traumatized children.  TAP is an assessment and treatment model that incorporates ongoing assessments of child and family functioning into the selection and delivery of trauma-focused interventions.
  • Recognizing and Addressing Trauma in Infants, Young Children, and their Families 
    This tutorial from the Center for Early Childhood Mental Health Consultation with support from Office of Head Start, Administration for Children, Youth and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, was developed to help early childhood mental health consultants as well as Early Head Start and Head Start staff understand what is meant by trauma, recognize the developmental context of trauma in early childhood, and extend their own knowledge for intervention through consultation.


  • The National Child Traumatic Stress Network 
    In 2000, Congress established the national Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN), funded by the Center for mental Health Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, US Department of Health and Human Services through a congressional initiative: the Donald J. Cohen National Child Traumatic Stress Initiative. NCTSN is a unique collaboration of academic and community-based service centers whose mission is to raise the standard of care and increase access to services for traumatized children and their families across the United States. Combining knowledge of child development, expertise in the full range of child traumatic experiences, and attention to cultural perspectives, the NCTSN serves as a national resource for developing and disseminating evidence-based interventions, trauma-informed services, and public and professional education.
  • National Clearinghouse on Families & Youth 
    The National Clearinghouse on Families & Youth (NCFY) is a resource of the Family and Youth Services Bureau. NCFY offers articles, publications, podcasts, and tools on various topics relating to youth and families. 
  • The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
    The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, aims to reduce the impact of substance abuse and mental illness on American communities.  SAMHSA offers a variety of resources on major topical areas includingtrauma and justice; and disaster, trauma, and behavioral health, as well as information on their technical assistance center, the National Center for Trauma-Informed Care (NCTIC)

  • Safe Start Center
    The Safe Start Initiative is funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. The goal of the Safe Start Initiative is to broaden the knowledge of, and promote community investment in, evidence-based strategies for reducing the impact of children’s exposure to violence. The Safe Start Center website offers a variety of resources and tools.

Sessions 10, 11, 12, 13 - April 8, 29, May 5, & May 14
- Evidence Based Practices


Please Review the content on this website:  nrcpfc.org/ebp

Evidence Based Practice in Child Welfare:  

Solution Focused Casework:  

Evidenced Based Practices:

At Scale Implementation of Evidence-Based Interventions: Policy, Practice, & Evaluation Perspectives

Evidence Based and Evidence Informed Programs: 

Child Welfare Virtual Evaluation Summit

Story and Lesson of the Month

 Child Welfare Resources: News, Gateway, and Products
Child Welfare Evaluation Virtual Summit Series Logo

Two Videos Added to the Child Welfare Evaluation Virtual Summit Series
In continuation of the Child Welfare Evaluation Virtual Summit Series, the Children's Bureau is pleased to announce the release of two new videos.

ACS March 2014 newsletter

NY: De Blasio's child welfare reforms falling flat, officials say
DNAinfo.com - March 27, 2014
A key component of the mayor's child-safety reforms - implemented in January in the wake of 4-year-old Myls Dobson's death - has been stymied by child welfare workers who don't file required paperwork and often fail to show up for court hearings, officials said. http://www.dnainfo.com/new-york/20140327/midtown/de-blasios-child-welfare-reforms-falling-flat-officials-say

President's New Budget

Child Well-being: A Framework for Policy and Practice

New Resource for Promoting Evidence-Supported Interventions in Child Welfare
The Children's Bureau (CB) is pleased to announce the release of an important new resource: 

A Framework to Design, Test, Spread, and Sustain Effective Practice in Child Welfare
Child welfare programs and services have the potential to improve outcomes for children and families, but child welfare systems sometimes miss opportunities to determine which interventions work, for whom they are effective, and how they can be consistently implemented.  
CB convened a group of national experts to create a framework to guide program evaluators, agency administrators, and funders through the process of building evidence and implementing evidence-supported interventions. The framework is intended to encourage the thoughtful use of evaluation to promote sound decision making. This framework is designed for anyone who implements and evaluates child welfare interventions—whether it's a new intervention, an existing evidence-supported program, or a longstanding practice that has yet to be formally tested.
A Framework to Design, Test, Spread, and Sustain Effective Practice in Child Welfare is now available on the Children’s Bureau website: https://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/resource/framework-workgroup